Visit Website Did you know? His 5-year-old grandson succeeded him as Louis XV. The Treaties of Utrechtand of Rastatt and Badensigned in —14, cost France its hegemony but left its territory intact.
Furthermore, they believed their traditional influence and authority was being usurped by the recently ennobled bureaucrats the Noblesse de Robe, or "nobility of the robe"who administered the kingdom and on whom the monarchy increasingly began to rely. All these events were witnessed by Louis and largely explained his later distrust of Paris and the higher aristocracy.
The resulting war lasted from to It still stands as a museum for visitors because of its beautiful and lavish architecture. This had not occurred since the reign of Henry IV. Granting non-Roman Catholics — Huguenots and Lutheransas well as Jews — civil and legal status in France and the legal right to practice their faiths, this edict effectively nullified the Edict of Fontainebleau that had been law for years.
They helped to curb the independent spirit of the nobility, imposing order on them at court and in the army.
This allowed them to take on official roles and serve the monarchy when necessary. All the power of the government was brought to bear in the construction of Versailles. Little by little, we will find reasons for sacrificing the many for the happiness of the many, and we will think it was a bargain.
Louis himself held reservations against depending on foreign assistance. Mazarin soon supported the Queen's position because he knew that her support for his power and his foreign policy depended on making peace with Spain from a strong position and on the Spanish marriage.
However, Louis first had to neutralize Nicolas Fouquetthe Superintendent of Financesin order to give Colbert a free hand. He succeeded because he faithfully reflected the mood of a France overflowing with youth and vigour and enamoured of grandeur.
Initially, he had looked on the Revolution with equanimity. AfterGreat Britain switched its focus to the West Indiesas defending the sugar islands was considered more important than trying to recover the thirteen colonies.
Etiquette became a means of governing.
Because it had been so long since the Estates-General had been convened, there was some debate as to which procedures should be followed. The king energetically devoted himself to building new residences.
She retired to a convent a few years later. The Queen also gave a partial Catholic orientation to French foreign policy.
All of Louis' tears and his supplications to his mother did not make her change her mind; the Spanish marriage was very important both for its role in ending the war between France and Spain, and because many of the claims and objectives of Louis' foreign policy in the next 50 years would be based on this marriage.
He increased the cost of clothes and fashion in general and made it a competition to see who would dress him best. All the power of the government was brought to bear in the construction of Versailles.
With the Edict of Fontainebleau, Louis ordered the destruction of Protestant churches, the closure of Protestant schools and the expulsion of Protestant clergy. He seemed to regard the deputies of the Estates-General with at least respect: The Third Estate leaders also had no desire in turning back or remaining moderate after their hard efforts to change the politics of the time, and so the plans for a constitutional monarchy did not last long.Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September – 1 September ), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France and Navarre from until his death in Father: Louis XIII of France.
The Rulers of France: From Until Search the site GO. History & Culture. European History Major Figures & Events Opinions vary as to who the 'first' French king was, and the following list includes all of the transitional monarchs, including the Carolingian and not French Louis I.
the Sun King Louis XIV, and just two people. The Reign of Louis XIV in France: Accomplishments & Influence. Emphasize the impact that King Louis XIV had on French law and culture The Reign of Louis XIV in France: Accomplishments.
Louis XIV, byname Louis the Great, Louis the Grand Monarch, or the Sun King, French Louis Le Grand, Louis Le Grand Monarque, or Le Roi Soleil, (born September 5, The king informed his astonished ministers that he intended to assume all responsibility for ruling the kingdom.
Watch video · Louis XIV was born on September 5,in Saint-Germaine-en-Laye, France, and christened Louis-Dieudonné—French for "Gift of God." His mother was the Hapsburg Spanish queen Anne of Austria. Full Name: Louis XIV Nationality: French Profession: The Sun King of France Why Famous: The longest ruling monarch in European history, Louis XIV came to the throne aged 4 and went on to rule for 72 years.
His rule established France as one of the pre-eminent powers of Europe, through early reforms, successful wars, creation of a French Empire and through his patronage of the arts.Download