Use quotations sparingly for greater impact. Summarizing Sources When you summarize material from a source, you zero in on the main points and restate them concisely in your own words. Ideas and information taken from outside sources must be cited in the body of the paper and in the references section.
Any of these actions can create the appearance of plagiarism and lead to negative consequences. With the right kind of help from our experts, you can get your research paper rough draft ready in no time.
Summary Leibowitz found that low-carbohydrate diets often helped subjects with Type II diabetes maintain a healthy weight and control blood-sugar levels. A paper that presents an original experiment would include some discussion of similar prior research in the field. However, this method may not work for all writers.
Use brackets [ ] if you need to replace a word or phrase. For this reason, some writers prefer to write their conclusions soon after they have written their introduction. A study found that obese teenagers who followed a low-carbohydrate diet lost an average of Tip A summary restates ideas in your own words—but for specialized or clinical terms, you may need to use terms that appear in the original source.
Some studies estimate that approximately 40 million Americans, or about 20 percent of the population, are attempting to restrict their intake of food high in carbohydrates Sanders and Katz, ; Hirsch, The only exceptions are facts or general statements that are common knowledge.
Writing at Work If your job involves writing or reading scientific papers, it helps to understand how professional researchers use the structure described in this section. In the next few sections, you will learn how to use these techniques in the body of your paper to weave in source material to support your ideas.
However, if a writer explained in detail the differences among the chemical structures of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, a citation would be necessary. Students who are found guilty of academic integrity violations face consequences ranging from a failing grade to expulsion from the university.
These are valid reasons to use quotations. A writer may cut and paste a passage from a website into her paper and later forget where the material came from.
Make sure you have transcribed the original statement accurately. Using Primary Sources Effectively Some types of research papers must use primary sources extensively to achieve their purpose.
These include two vital pieces of information: For example, the interviews may provide interesting responses that you want to share with your reader.
The only exceptions are facts or general statements that are common knowledge.
Depending on your purpose, you may also add another sentence or two condensing any important details or examples. These include two vital pieces of information: Writing Your Conclusion In your introduction, you tell readers where they are headed. Please keep your font choice uniform throughout your paper.
However, it would help if you could make a few subheadings first. For example, a writer would not need to cite the statement that most breads, pastas, and cereals are high in carbohydrates; this is well known and well documented. Creating a List of References Each of the sources you cite in the body text will appear in a references list A list of sources used in a research paper that provides detailed bibliographical information.
The body provides details about the study, such as who participated in it, what the researchers measured, and what results they recorded.
Summary Low-carbohydrate diets often help subjects with Type II diabetes maintain a healthy weight and control blood-sugar levels Leibowitz, Exercise 3 On a separate sheet of paper, follow these steps to practice paraphrasing.
A paper for a literature course analyzing several poems by Emily Dickinson A paper for a political science course comparing televised speeches delivered by two presidential candidates A paper for a communications course discussing gender biases in television commercials A paper for a business administration course that discusses the results of a survey the writer conducted with local businesses to gather information about their work-from-home and flextime policies A paper for an elementary education course that discusses the results of an experiment the writer conducted to compare the effectiveness of two different methods of mathematics instruction For these types of papers, primary research is the main focus.
Quoting Sources Directly Most of the time, you will summarize or paraphrase source material instead of quoting directly.Rough Draft Research Paper Grading Rubric.
Criteria Ratings Pts Edit criterion description Delete criterion row. This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Assignment is a minimum of five (5) double-spaced pages, is properly formatted, and adheres to MLA guidelines (in-text citations and a.
Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical ConsiderationsView Rubric Use the practice problem and a qualitative, peer-reviewed research article you identified in the Topic 1 assignment – (Improving Glycemic Control), to complete this assignment.
The rough draft is the best time to double check that your paper and the arguments, points, or clarifications made within it all follow sensible logic.
Ideas must be given breathing room and allowed to develop naturally as the essay goes on. Writing Rough Draft of Research Paper You must have your outline completed and your note cards organized into categories before writing your paper.
You are going to write in sentence and paragraph form what you have on your outline.
Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations Research Critique Guidelines To write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of the research study conducted, address each component below for qualitative study in the Topic 2 assignment and the quantitative study in the Topic 3 assignment.
Your ultimate goal may be to get an "A" on your paper, but even the best writing begins with raw material. Rather than aiming high on your rough draft, use it as an opportunity to explore, organize and structure your thoughts into paragraphs.Download