Inductive and deductive approach in research methodology

Introduction to qualitative research methods. Qualitative researchers are interested in the accuracy of the final report.


It would certainly be enriching if we could consider the qualitative research cycle as a whole, since the processes involved in defining the theme and object of study and the way it is approached operationally for example, data collection may reveal equally valuable information about the role of theory in the qualitative approach.

In conducting experimental research, the method of data collection involves comparison of the means of groups in some way Lomax,Creswell, The scientific method usually involves a hypothesis and then the observation of controlled as well as variable subjects on which a conclusion about the accuracy of the original hypothesis is reached.

Qualitative researchers look for patterns or themes in the texts or image analysis.

Hypothetico-deductive model

Goner, Phillips, and Walters. The empirical world is supposed to determine if such a conclusion is confirmed true or pure speculation.

According to TOOMELA, "the aim of modern qualitative investigations is the study and development of concepts, and not the phenomenon itself" p. Lomax defines true experimental studies as randomized studies where random assignment of individuals to groups is conducted.

Lomax supports the conclusions of Kamil in his own discussion of the methods of quantitative data analysis in literacy. The researcher would need to ensure that there were at least two groups, a control group which did not get the treatment, and an experimental group that did get the treatment.

Inductive approach

Inductive arguments come in different degrees of strength. This reorders the relationship among a number of key concepts: Literature reviews in quantitative research are more comprehensive and more detailed than is the case in qualitative research.

The principle benefit of quantitative research in education is that it is an approach that allows researchers to compare groups. Theory must be confirmed or falsified by experience. Thus, if the tension between theoretical statements and empirical statements is not exactly a novelty for qualitative researchers today, debate concerning theory, phenomena, and data may very well be.

Inferential statistics are based on the descriptive statistics and the assumptions that generalize to the population from a selected sample Trochim, Key concepts in philosophy. Here theories are devised to explain what is seen rather than the other way around.

The paradox is that in order to "access" a phenomenon, theory is required, but to innovate and create new possibilities of empirically reconstructing phenomena, it is also necessary to go beyond current theoretical frames or, as stated by researchers using abductive logic, go beyond the current rules of established knowledge e.

According to HUME []induction does not involve a logical base.The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data.

Sep 26,  · In general, inductive reasoning is associated with qualitative approaches, while deductive for quantitative. But research is never cut-and-dry.

The hypothetico-deductive approach contrasts with other research models such as the inductive approach or grounded theory. In the data percolation methodology, the hypothetico-deductive approach is included in a paradigm of pragmatism by which four types of relations between the variables can exist: descriptive, of influence, longitudinal or.

This is fundamental strategy need to identify before underling research studies. The pertinent question whether Data come first or Theory come first.

This concept open up the thought process for Development of Research Methodology and to identify Research Questions. in the hypothetico-deductive research approach (Nola and Sankey, ), which currently dominates in management studies (Johnson, ) and in social sciences in general.

I summarise this approach as iterative-inductive.

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But what does this mean? In deductive research, the researcher comes up with a hypothesis based on what he or she thinks is already known (or based on a theory about the given thing) and then the real world is explored, and data are collected, in .

Inductive and deductive approach in research methodology
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