An introduction to the history of the massachusetts bay colony

Bostonian John Adamsknown as the "Atlas of Independence", was an important figure in both the struggle for independence as well as the formation of the new United States. The parties reached a compromise, and agreed that the general court would be made up of two deputies elected by each town.

Library of Congress, Washington, D. Adultery and rape were more serious crimes, and both were punishable by death. John Wheelwright left to found Exeter, New Hampshire. John Cotton, and other leaders zealously sought to prevent any independence of religious views, and many with differing religious beliefs—including Roger Williams of Salem and Anne Hutchinson of Boston, as well as unrepentant Quakers and Anabaptists—were banished.

From west to east the mainland of Massachusetts extends miles kilometers. The company could erect a self-governing religious commonwealth. Greenwood Press, 3 Sub edition, Towns were obligated to provide education for their children, which was usually satisfied by hiring a teacher of some sort.

Ina group of distinguished Puritan businessmen formed a venture named the Governor and Company of Massachusetts Bay, which was initially conceived as a profit-making endeavor in the New World. Williams should be applauded for his ideas, for they were much ahead of his own time.

A land grant was received from the Council of New England, the successor to the ineffective Virginia Company of Plymouth, providing rights to the area between the Charles and Merrimack rivers and westward to the Pacific Ocean. Massachusetts Bay was well-organized which led to the population exploding and absorbing Plymouth as its own.

On several occasions, it passed laws regulating wages and prices of economically important goods and services, but most of these initiatives did not last very long. Harvardfounded at Cambridge inwas the first American university.

Sir Francis Bernard, the Royal Governor, named this new area The Puritans were much different from the Pilgrims. The people of Massachusetts Bay Colony had labored hard and sacrificed to establish their system and were proud of their theocratic government.

The ban proved extremely harmful to the economy of the colonies and inhibited trade, both within the colonies and abroad.

Massachusetts Bay Colony

This put a a temporary end to the commonwealth of Massachusetts Bay. With the passage of the Tea Act intea sold by the British East India Company would become less expensive than smuggled tea, and there would be reduced profitmaking opportunities for Massachusetts merchants engaged in the tea trade.

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

It was also normal for older widowed parents to live with one of their children. Some historians believe that Viking explorers landed on Cape Cod more than 1, years ago.


The Puritans of Massachusetts Bay were Calvinistsbut with their own points of emphasis. When customs officials were attacked by mobs, two regiments of British regulars arrived. The accused was a midwife named Margaret Jones from Charlestown and she was hanged at Gallows Hill in Boston after she was accused by some of her patients.

Local Economy and Culture in Early Massachusetts. The fishery was important enough that those involved in it were exempted from taxation and military service.

Annual town meetings would be held at the meeting house, generally in May, to elect the town's representatives to the general court and to transact other community business. These included sleeping during church services, playing cards, and engaging in any number of activities on the Sabbath.HISTORY British Colonization of America-Virginia and Massachusetts Bay Virginia and Massachusetts Bay A.

Introduction B. The Settlement of Virginia, 1.

John Winthrop

Private Enterprise Colonization a. Elizabeth I, b. Sir Walter Raleigh - “Lost Colony,” c. Joint Stock Company James I, d. John Winthrop: John Winthrop, first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the chief figure among the Puritan founders of New England.

Winthrop’s father was a newly risen country gentleman whose acre (hectare) estate, Groton Manor, had been bought from Henry VIII at the time of the Reformation. Massachusetts Bay Colony Facts: The Beginning. Massachusetts was established by the Puritans in The Puritans wanted to purify the church of England, however after years of persecution they opted to found a new colony and start fresh.


The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the owners of the Massachusetts Bay Company, This and other patterns of trade became illegal following the introduction of the Navigation Acts inPlymouth Colony: Its History & People.


History of Massachusetts

John Winthrop () was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and a prominent figure among the Puritan founders of New England. Winthrop was one of the best. Discover the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the colony founded by the Puritans in New England.

Learn about daily life in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

An introduction to the history of the massachusetts bay colony
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