A report on the state constitutions

The legislature shall pass necessary laws for the protection of persons working in mines, factories and other employments dangerous to life or deleterious to health; and fix pains and penalties for the enforcement of the same. Proposed expenditures shall not exceed funds estimated to be available for the fiscal year as shown in the budget.

The collectivists essentially claim that there is a nebulous entity that exists somewhere between the individual and the state which is so important that the Framers protected it with a constitutional guarantee.

A member who has a private interest in any bill or measure proposed or pending before the legislature, shall disclose the fact to the house of which A report on the state constitutions is a member, and shall not vote thereon.

As cases might easily be stated, which none would contend, ought to fall within that description: Unencumbered balances in general funds that will be available and on A report on the state constitutions at the close of the current fiscal year shall not include projected amounts required to be deposited into the Working Cash-Stabilization Reserve Fund and the Education Reserve Fund pursuant to Section No person shall serve as a member of the legislature unless he or she is a citizen of the United States and has been a resident of the state of New York for five years, and, except as hereinafter otherwise prescribed, of the assembly or senate district for the twelve months immediately preceding his or her election; if elected a senator or member of assembly at the first election next ensuing after a readjustment or alteration of the senate or assembly districts becomes effective, a person, to be eligible to serve as such, must have been a resident of the county in which the senate or assembly district is contained for the twelve months immediately preceding his or her election.

Therefore they have become a favorite subject for learning studies. Subsection c was expressly superseded by Art.

Five state constitutions guarantee the right to keep and bear arms without assignment of a specific purpose. Any member, while serving as an officer of his or her house or in any other special capacity therein or directly connected therewith not hereinbefore in this section specified, may also be paid and receive, in addition, any allowance which may be fixed by law for the particular and additional services appertaining to or entailed by such office or special capacity.

HCR39 had passed out of the House but not the Senate. Maryland Constitution The Budget and the Budget Bill as submitted by the Governor to the General Assembly shall have a figure for the total of all proposed appropriations and a figure for the total of all estimated revenues available to pay the appropriations, and the figure for total proposed appropriations shall not exceed the figure for total estimated revenues.

For educational use only. The resolution convening the legislature shall specify a purpose or purposes for the convening of a special session, and any special session convened by the resolution shall consider only measures germane to the purpose or purposes expressed in the resolution, unless by resolution adopted during the session upon the affirmative vote in each house of two-thirds of the members elected or appointed thereto, an additional purpose or purposes are expressed.

Part 1 shall consist of a budget message by the Governor-elect, or the Governor, which shall outline the financial policy of the State Government for the ensuing biennium, describing in connection therewith the important features of the financial plan.

The legislature, in order to insure continuity of state and local governmental operations in periods of emergency resulting from enemy attack, shall have the power and the duty, immediately upon and after adoption of this amendment, to enact legislation providing for prompt and temporary succession to the powers and duties of public offices of whatever nature and whether filled by election or appointment, the incumbents and legal successors of which may become unavailable for carrying on the powers and duties of such offices; the legislature shall likewise enact such other measures as may be necessary and proper for insuring the continuity of governmental operations during such emergencies.

Article 16, Section 1: No such law shall take effect until it shall have been submitted to the qualified electors of the state and have received a majority of all the votes cast thereon at a given election; such law shall be published in full in at least one newspaper in each county of the state, if one be published therein, once each week, for four successive weeks next preceding such election.

Jefferson suggested that the legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky each prepare a resolution answering state criticisms of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions ofdocuments that would include a reiteration of their protest against the unconstitutionality of the Alien and Sedition Acts as well as a statement of their continued attachment to the Union.

The governor shall annually communicate to the legislature each case of reprieve, commutation or pardon granted, stating the name of the convict, the crime of which the convict was convicted, the sentence and its date, and the date of the commutation, pardon or reprieve.

Both of them consist of an enumeration, which was evidently meant to be precise and compleat. In order to clear the way for a correct view of the first position, several observations will be premised. But it can not be a true inference, that because the admission of an alien is a favor, the favor may be revoked at pleasure.

Neither house shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than two days. Nebraska Constitution The state may, to meet casual deficits, or failures in the revenue, contract debts never to exceed in the aggregate one hundred thousand dollars, and no greater indebtedness shall be incurred except for the purpose of repelling invasion, suppressing insurrection, or defending the state in war, and provision shall be made for the payment of the interest annually, as it shall accrue, by a tax levied for the purpose, or from other sources of revenue, which law providing for the payment of such interest by such tax shall be irrepealable until such debt is paid.

A grant of land to an individual, may be of favor not of right; but the moment the grant is made, the favor becomes a right, and must be forfeited before it can be taken away. The principle of rigid stare decisis has no application to an unconstitutional law or to even a course of action taken by the courts.

That accomplished, he began a critique of the doctrine of a federal common law of crimes. Aliens are not more parties to the laws, than they are parties to the constitution; yet it will not be disputed, that as they owe on one hand, a temporary obedience, they are entitled in return, to their protection and advantage.

No act, law, or bill approved by a majority of the electors voting thereon shall be amended or repealed by the legislature within a period of two years following such enactment: Original text — Art. During each even-numbered year, the regular session shall not be more than sixty consecutive days.


If a revision or amendment proposed by a constitutional convention is in conflict with a revision or amendment proposed by the legislature and both are submitted to the electorate at the same election and both are approved, then the revision or amendment proposed by the convention shall prevail.

Adopted by Constitutional Convention of and approved by vote of the people November 8, Counties, towns or blocks which, from their location, may be included in either of two districts, shall be so placed as to make said districts most nearly equal in number of inhabitants, excluding aliens.

One argument for the power of the General Government to remove aliens would have been passed in silence, if it had appeared under any authority inferior to that of a report, made during the last session of Congress, to the House of Representatives by a committee, and approved by the house.

Every county heretofore established and separately organized, except the county of Hamilton, shall always be entitled to one member of assembly, and no county shall hereafter be erected unless its population shall entitle it to a member.

But it is not necessary to decide on such a dilemma. Is the law to be different in every state, as differently modified by its code; or are the modifications of any particular state, to be applied to all? NCSL staff asked legislative staff to review that text and to recommend additional citations as they saw fit.

God or the divine is referenced in every state constitution

The legislature shall direct by law, in what manner, and in what courts, suits may be brought against the state. Even within the legislative limits properly defined by the constitution, the difficulty of accomodating legal regulations to a country so great in extent, and so various in its circumstances, has been much felt; and has led to occasional investments of power in the executive, which involve perhaps as large a portion of discretion, as can be deemed consistent with the nature of the executive trust.

Full publicity as to matters to be voted on by the people is afforded by the setting out of the complete text of the proposed laws, together with the arguments for and against them, in the ballot pamphlet mailed to each elector preceding the election at which they are submitted, and the only requirement for publication of such law shall be that it be set out at length in ballot pamphlets which the Secretary of State shall cause to be printed.State Commission on Constitutional Revision prepared several reports in preparation for another convention; but inthe voters rejected a proposal to hold a new constitutional convention.

Proposed Florida Constitutional Amendments: See what's on the state's ballots The November election includes 13 Florida constitutional amendments. Here's what they all mean.

Nov 06,  · Voters in six states -- Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Nevada, North Carolina and Oklahoma -- voted on a so-called Marsy's Law. These measures will enshrine crime victims' rights in state constitutions.

The American State Constitutional Tradition [John J. Dinan] on agronumericus.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. For too long, the American constitutional tradition has been defined solely by the U.S.

Constitution drafted in Yet constitutional debates at the state Reviews: 1. CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON This Constitution was framed by a convention of seventy-five delegates, chosen by the peo­ ple of the Territory of Washington at an election held May 14,under section 3 of.

Original text — Art. 7 Section 1 ANNUAL STATE TAX — All property in the state, not exempt under the laws of the United States, or under this Constitution, shall be taxed in proportion to its value, to be ascertained as provided by law.

The legislature shall provide by law for an annual tax sufficient, with other sources of revenue to defray.

A report on the state constitutions
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